Ocular Surface Disease (OSD) is a group of disorders affecting the outermost layer of the eye, including the cornea, conjunctiva, and eyelids. OSD can significantly impact a patient’s quality of life, causing discomfort, pain, and social isolation. In this article, we will discuss the types, causes, symptoms, complications, and treatment options for OSD, etc.
The ocular surface includes the cornea, conjunctiva, and tear film. OSD refers to a group of eye disorders that affect the ocular surface, leading to symptoms like dryness, redness, irritation, and discomfort. OSD can be caused by a variety of factors, including environmental factors, systemic diseases, and medications. OSD can affect people of all ages and can significantly impact their quality of life. There can be various types of OSD which are described as follows./
OSD includes a range of eye disorders, such as
Dry eye disease
Dry eye disease is the most common type of OSD. It is caused by a lack of tears or poor-quality tears, leading to symptoms like dryness, irritation, and discomfort.
Blepharitis is an inflammation of the eyelids that can cause redness, itching, and burning sensations.
Allergic conjunctivitis is an allergic reaction that affects the conjunctiva. It can cause redness, itching, and watery eyes.
Infectious conjunctivitis is an infection of the conjunctiva. It can be caused by bacteria, viruses, or fungi.
Corneal dystrophies are a group of inherited conditions that affect the cornea. They can cause vision problems, including clouding of the cornea.
The causes of OSD can vary, and multiple factors can contribute to its development. Some common causes of OSD include
- Environmental factors: Exposure to dry or windy conditions, low humidity, and air pollution can cause OSD.
- Systemic diseases, such as Sjogren’s syndrome, rheumatoid arthritis, and lupus, can cause OSD.
- Medications, such as antihistamines, antidepressants, and diuretics, etc.
- Contact lens wear
- Eye surgery
The symptoms of OSD can vary depending on the underlying condition. Some common symptoms of OSD include
Dryness is the most common symptom of OSD. It can cause a sensation of grittiness or a feeling like there is something in the eye.
Redness of the eyes is another common symptom of OSD. It can be caused by inflammation of the conjunctiva or blood vessels in the eye.
Irritation of the eyes can cause itching, burning, and stinging sensations.
OSD can cause discomfort in the eyes, making it difficult to wear contact lenses or perform daily activities like reading or using a computer.
5. Watery eyes
Some people with OSD may experience excessive tearing.
The signs of OSD can be detected during a comprehensive eye examination, which may include the following tests
1. Tear film evaluation
Reduced tear production or poor-quality tears can indicate the presence of OSD.
2. Corneal staining
Any damage or irregularities on the cornea will be visualised. It can help diagnose conditions like dry eye disease and corneal dystrophies.
3. Meibomian gland evaluation
Reduced meibomian gland function is a common cause of OSD.
Several factors can increase the risk of developing OSD, including
- Aging: OSD is more common in older adults.
- Female gender: Women are more likely to develop OSD than men.
- Contact lens wear: Contact lens wearers are at higher risk of developing OSD.
- Environmental factors: Exposure to dry or windy conditions, low humidity, and air pollution can increase the risk of developing OSD.
- Medications: Certain medications, such as antihistamines, antidepressants, and diuretics, can increase the risk of OSD.
A comprehensive eye examination is essential to diagnose OSD. The examination includes a thorough review of medical history, symptoms, and a physical examination of the eye. Specialized tests like tear film evaluation, corneal staining, and meibomian gland evaluation may also be performed to diagnose OSD.
Untreated OSD can lead to complications like corneal ulcers, infections, and vision problems. Corneal ulcers can be caused by corneal abrasions or infections and can cause scarring or perforation of the cornea. Infections like bacterial conjunctivitis or corneal ulcers can lead to vision loss if left untreated.
The treatment of OSD depends on the underlying condition and severity of symptoms. Common treatment options include
- Artificial tears
- Topical medications
- Omega-3 supplements
- Lifestyle modifications: frequent breaks when using a computer, wearing sunglasses, and avoiding exposure to dry or windy conditions.
In Ayurveda, OSD is known as Netra Abhishyanda, which is caused by an imbalance in the Doshas, particularly Vata and Pitta. The Ayurvedic treatment for OSD aims to balance these Doshas and improve the overall health of the eyes.The ancient Ayurvedic text Charaka Samhita states that the eyes are one of the most important organs of the body and should be treated with care. The Shloka “Drishti Medo Doshajanya”, from the Sushruta Samhita, highlights the importance of understanding that ocular surface disease is caused by an imbalance of doshas in the body.
Herbal Remedies for Ocular surface diseases by Planet Ayurveda
Ayurvedic remedies can also provide a natural and holistic approach to treating OSD. Herbal remedies offered by Planet Ayurveda can help improve tear production, reduce inflammation, and provide relief from OSD symptoms. The most appropriate for the same are explained as follows.
- Angel Eye Vitale Capsules
- Saptamrit Loha
- Jasnoor Eye Drops
- Triphala Ghrit
- Amalaki Rasayan
1. Angel Eye Vitale Capsules
It contains ingredients like Triphala (Emblica officinalis, Terminalia chebula, Terminalia bellerica), Yashtimadhu (Glycyrrhiza glabra), and Daruharidra (Berberis aristata). It can help to improve vision, reduce dryness and discomfort in the eyes, and promote overall eye health.
Dose- 1 capsule twice daily
2. Saptamrit Loha
It contains ingredients like Mica Bhasma (Abhrak bhasma), Pearl Oyster Shell Bhasma (Mukta shukti bhasma), iron Bhasma (Loha bhasma), etc.It is a herbal supplement that helps improve tear production and reduce dryness in the eyes.
Dose- 2 capsules twice daily
3. Jasnoor eye drops
It contains ingredients like Rose water (Rosa damascena), Honey, and Turmeric (Curcuma longa). This helps to improve the condition of dry eyes along with various other diseases including OSD.
Dose- 3 drops in each eye
4. Triphala Ghrit
It contains ingredients like Triphala, Cow ghee, and Vidanga (Embelia ribes). Triphala is considered the best remedy for eye disorders. It can help improve vision and promote overall eye health.
Dose- 1/2 tsp twice daily
5. Amalaki Rasayan
It contains amla (Emblica officinalis) which helps to reduce inflammation, and promote overall eye health. It is very effective in managing ocular surface disease
Dose- 1 capsule twice daily.
Contact Planet Ayurveda Support Team to provide you the costing / ordering and delivery information at – email@example.com or Call at 0172-521-4030 (India), +91-172-521-4030 (Outside India) or Whatsapp at (+91) 9915-593-604
Ocular surface disease is a common condition that can lead to significant discomfort and complications if left untreated. Ayurveda provides a holistic approach to managing the condition. Ayurvedic herbs and treatments can help restore balance to the body and promote overall health, leading to a reduction in symptoms and complications.