Ocular Surface Disease (OSD) Treatment in Ayurveda


Ocular Surface Disease (OSD) is a group of disorders affecting the outermost layer of the eye, including the cornea, conjunctiva, and eyelids. OSD can significantly impact a patient’s quality of life, causing discomfort, pain, and social isolation. In this article, we will discuss the types, causes, symptoms, complications, and treatment options for OSD, etc.

Ocular Surface Disease (OSD)


The ocular surface includes the cornea, conjunctiva, and tear film. OSD refers to a group of eye disorders that affect the ocular surface, leading to symptoms like dryness, redness, irritation, and discomfort. OSD can be caused by a variety of factors, including environmental factors, systemic diseases, and medications. OSD can affect people of all ages and can significantly impact their quality of life. There can be various types of OSD which are described as follows./


OSD includes a range of eye disorders, such as

Dry eye disease

Dry eye disease is the most common type of OSD. It is caused by a lack of tears or poor-quality tears, leading to symptoms like dryness, irritation, and discomfort.


Blepharitis is an inflammation of the eyelids that can cause redness, itching, and burning sensations.

Allergic conjunctivitis

Allergic conjunctivitis is an allergic reaction that affects the conjunctiva. It can cause redness, itching, and watery eyes.

Infectious conjunctivitis

Infectious conjunctivitis is an infection of the conjunctiva. It can be caused by bacteria, viruses, or fungi.

Corneal dystrophies

Corneal dystrophies are a group of inherited conditions that affect the cornea. They can cause vision problems, including clouding of the cornea.


The causes of OSD can vary, and multiple factors can contribute to its development. Some common causes of OSD include

  • Environmental factors: Exposure to dry or windy conditions, low humidity, and air pollution can cause OSD.
  • Systemic diseases, such as Sjogren’s syndrome, rheumatoid arthritis, and lupus, can cause OSD.
  • Medications, such as antihistamines, antidepressants, and diuretics, etc.
  • Aging
  • Contact lens wear
  • Eye surgery


The symptoms of OSD can vary depending on the underlying condition. Some common symptoms of OSD include

1. Dryness

Dryness is the most common symptom of OSD. It can cause a sensation of grittiness or a feeling like there is something in the eye.

2. Redness

Redness of the eyes is another common symptom of OSD. It can be caused by inflammation of the conjunctiva or blood vessels in the eye.

3. Irritation

Irritation of the eyes can cause itching, burning, and stinging sensations.

4. Discomfort

OSD can cause discomfort in the eyes, making it difficult to wear contact lenses or perform daily activities like reading or using a computer.

5. Watery eyes

Some people with OSD may experience excessive tearing.


The signs of OSD can be detected during a comprehensive eye examination, which may include the following tests

1. Tear film evaluation

Reduced tear production or poor-quality tears can indicate the presence of OSD.

2. Corneal staining

Any damage or irregularities on the cornea will be visualised. It can help diagnose conditions like dry eye disease and corneal dystrophies.

3. Meibomian gland evaluation

Reduced meibomian gland function is a common cause of OSD.

Risk Factors

Several factors can increase the risk of developing OSD, including

  • Aging: OSD is more common in older adults.
  • Female gender: Women are more likely to develop OSD than men.
  • Contact lens wear: Contact lens wearers are at higher risk of developing OSD.
  • Environmental factors: Exposure to dry or windy conditions, low humidity, and air pollution can increase the risk of developing OSD.
  • Medications: Certain medications, such as antihistamines, antidepressants, and diuretics, can increase the risk of OSD.


A comprehensive eye examination is essential to diagnose OSD. The examination includes a thorough review of medical history, symptoms, and a physical examination of the eye. Specialized tests like tear film evaluation, corneal staining, and meibomian gland evaluation may also be performed to diagnose OSD.


Untreated OSD can lead to complications like corneal ulcers, infections, and vision problems. Corneal ulcers can be caused by corneal abrasions or infections and can cause scarring or perforation of the cornea. Infections like bacterial conjunctivitis or corneal ulcers can lead to vision loss if left untreated.


The treatment of OSD depends on the underlying condition and severity of symptoms. Common treatment options include

  • Artificial tears
  • Topical medications
  • Omega-3 supplements
  • Lifestyle modifications: frequent breaks when using a computer, wearing sunglasses, and avoiding exposure to dry or windy conditions.

Ayurvedic perspective

In Ayurveda, OSD is known as Netra Abhishyanda, which is caused by an imbalance in the Doshas, particularly Vata and Pitta. The Ayurvedic treatment for OSD aims to balance these Doshas and improve the overall health of the eyes.The ancient Ayurvedic text Charaka Samhita states that the eyes are one of the most important organs of the body and should be treated with care. The Shloka “Drishti Medo Doshajanya”, from the Sushruta Samhita, highlights the importance of understanding that ocular surface disease is caused by an imbalance of doshas in the body.

Herbal Remedies for Ocular surface diseases by Planet Ayurveda

Ayurvedic remedies can also provide a natural and holistic approach to treating OSD. Herbal remedies offered by Planet Ayurveda can help improve tear production, reduce inflammation, and provide relief from OSD symptoms. The most appropriate for the same are explained as follows.

Product List

  1. Angel Eye Vitale Capsules
  2. Saptamrit Loha
  3. Jasnoor Eye Drops
  4. Triphala Ghrit
  5. Amalaki Rasayan

Herbal Products for Ocular Surface diseaseBuy Now: Herbal Products for Ocular Surface disease

Products Description

1. Angel Eye Vitale Capsules

It contains ingredients like Triphala (Emblica officinalis, Terminalia chebula, Terminalia bellerica), Yashtimadhu (Glycyrrhiza glabra), and Daruharidra (Berberis aristata). It can help to improve vision, reduce dryness and discomfort in the eyes, and promote overall eye health.

Dose- 1 capsule twice daily

2. Saptamrit Loha

It contains ingredients like Mica Bhasma (Abhrak bhasma), Pearl Oyster Shell Bhasma (Mukta shukti bhasma), iron Bhasma (Loha bhasma), etc.It is a herbal supplement that helps improve tear production and reduce dryness in the eyes.

Dose- 2 capsules twice daily

3. Jasnoor eye drops

It contains ingredients like Rose water (Rosa damascena), Honey, and Turmeric (Curcuma longa). This helps to improve the condition of dry eyes along with various other diseases including OSD.

Dose- 3 drops in each eye

4. Triphala Ghrit

It contains ingredients like Triphala, Cow ghee, and Vidanga (Embelia ribes). Triphala is considered the best remedy for eye disorders. It can help improve vision and promote overall eye health.

Dose- 1/2 tsp twice daily

5. Amalaki Rasayan

It contains amla (Emblica officinalis) which helps to reduce inflammation, and promote overall eye health. It is very effective in managing ocular surface disease

Dose- 1 capsule twice daily.

Contact Planet Ayurveda Support Team to provide you the costing / ordering and delivery information at – costing.planetayurveda@gmail.com or Call at 0172-521-4030 (India), +91-172-521-4030 (Outside India) or Whatsapp at (+91) 9915-593-604


Ocular surface disease is a common condition that can lead to significant discomfort and complications if left untreated. Ayurveda provides a holistic approach to managing the condition. Ayurvedic herbs and treatments can help restore balance to the body and promote overall health, leading to a reduction in symptoms and complications.

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Dr. Vikram Chauhan

Dr. Vikram Chauhan (MD - Ayurveda) is a Globally Renowned Ayurveda Physician with Expertise of more than 25 Years. He is the CEO & Founder of http://www.PlanetAyurveda.com, a leading Ayurveda Brand, Manufacturing, and Export Company with a Chain of Clinics and Branches in the US, Europe, Africa, Southeast Asia, India, and other parts of the World. He is also an Ayurveda Author who has written Books on Ayurveda, translated into Many European Languages. One of his Books is "Ayurveda – God’s Manual for Healing". He is on a Mission to Spread Ayurveda All Over the Planet through all the Possible Mediums. With his Vast Experience in Herbs and their Applied Uses, he is successfully treating Numerous Patients suffering from Various Ailments with the help of the Purest Herbal Supplements, Diet, and Lifestyle, according to the Principles of Ayurveda. For More Details, visit. Read More

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