Diseases of horses affecting the hock joint mainly include three conditions such as bog spavin, bone spavin and crub. These diseases are very painful and cause difficulty to walk properly by horse. Infection, trauma and congenital defect is the major cause of this disease. Many of its symptoms can be prevented by exercise, supplementation and good care of your horse. Let’s discuss diseases of horses affecting the hock joint in detail.
The hock joint mainly consists of four joints such as tibio tarsal joint, proximal intercostal joint, distal intertarsal joint, and tarsometatarsal joint. In these joints tibio tarsal is the largest joint and responsible for most movement. Other joints are smaller and responsible for low movement. Shock absorption and propulsion are the two main functions performed by this joint. Diseases of horses affecting the hock joint mainly include three conditions such as bog spavin, bone spavin and crub. The hock joint can also be affected if displacement of the tendon and any fracture occur. Here in this article we will discuss this disease in detail and its ayurvedic management.
Diseases of horses affecting the hock joint mainly include three conditions such as bog spavin, bone spavin and crub. Let’s discuss them one by one in detail.
It is the inflammation of the hock joint. This may occur due to infection, poor joint conformation, trauma, degenerative joint disease and congenital defect. In this disorder swelling can be seen on the middle surface of the joint and smaller swellings are also on each side. With the help of x-rays we can easily diagnose this disease. If excess fluid is present in this joint membrane then it can easily be removed by the veterinarian. Corticosteroids give short term relief to the joint. If bone and cartilage involvement occur then surgery can be performed.
It is osteoarthritis in which degeneration of bone and joint cartilage occurs and it leads to loss of cartilage and pain. In this condition it is very difficult to walk properly by horse. The exact cause of this disease is unknown. But in some cases it can be related to imbalance in minerals, excessive jarring injury, and improper conformation of the joint. This disease can be diagnosed easily by physical examination and x-rays. In early stages it can be manageable by corticosteroids and antiinflammatory drugs help in eliminating the symptoms.
It is a thickening of the plantar tarsal ligament. This ligament is more inflamed or thicker after pulling, jumping, slipping, or falling. Standardbred horses are more affected by this disease. In acute cases it can be manageable by rest and cold packs.
Following are the causes which cause diseases of horse affecting the hock joint are
- Poor joint conformation
- Degenerative joint disease
- Congenital defect
Signs and Symptoms
The sign and symptoms shown by these disorders are as follows
- Joint swelling
- Difficulty in walking
- Resistance during walking downhill
- Physical examination
- X Rays
Bog spavin- In bog spavin if excess fluid is present in this joint membrane then it can easily be removed by the veterinarian. Corticosteroids give short term relief to the joint. If bone and cartilage involvement occur then surgery can be performed.
Bone spavin- In early stages it can be manageable by corticosteroids and antiinflammatory drugs help in eliminating the symptoms.
Curb- In acute cases it can be manageable by rest and cold packs.
Ayurveda is a medical science which originated in India. This pathy mainly works on the three doshas i.e. vata, pitta and kapha. Diseases of horses affecting the hock joint can be correlated with aggravated Vata. Due to aggravation of air and ether many painful conditions such as bog spavin, bone spavin, and curb occur in horses. With the help of some ayurvedic herbs and therapies we can manage this disease very effectively. Snehan, sweden, sanshodhan, anuloman, niruha basti and nasya can help to balance the aggravated vata. Pain can be managed by applying herbal oil to the affected area. The herbs which help in the management of this disease are guggul, tejpat, talisa patra, shunthi, dhania, rasna, ela, amalki, ashwagandha, haridra and shallaki. They are very helpful in the management of diseases of horses affecting the hock joint.
Herbal Remedies for Diseases of Horses Affecting the Hock Joint
Planet Ayurveda is a worldwide company who treats humans as well as animals. All the products made by this company are natural and free from side effects. For the manufacturing of medicine extract of plants taken. The whole process of manufacturing is done under MD ayurveda experts. This company makes ayurvedic medicines in the form of tablets, syrup and churna. The herbal remedies for diseases of horses affecting the hock joint are as follows
- Yograj Guggul
- Joint Aid Plus
- Boswellia Curcumin
- Ashwagandha Capsule
1. Yograj Guggul
Yograj guggul is a very famous ayurvedic medicine in the form of a tablet. The main ingredient of this tablet is guggul (Commiphora mukul). Other ingredients in this tablet are Tejpat (Cinnamomum tamala), talisa patra (Abies webbiana), Dalchini (Cinnamomum zeylanica), black pepper (Piper nigrum), shunthi (Zingiber officinale), dhania (Coriandrum sativum), rasna (Pluchea lanceolata), ela (Elettaria cardamomum), saindhav lavan (rock salt), gokshur (Tribulus terrestris), vidang (Embelia ribes), sarpi (ghee), and amalaki (Emblica officinalis). It is very helpful in the management of vata imbalance. Yograj guggul is used frequently in the management of joint diseases. Amalaki and sarpi present in this tablet helps in the regeneration of cells. Rasna, gokshura and guggul help in relieving the pain.
Dose- 6 tablets twice daily
2. Joint aid plus
Joint aid plus is a capsule that mainly works on the bones and muscles. The main ingredients of this formulation are ashwagandha (Withania somnifera), sonth (Zingiber officinale), guggul (Commiphora mukul), shallaki (Boswellia serrata) and nirgundi (Vitex negundo). This capsule is very helpful in joint and muscle health. Ashwagandha present in this capsule gives strength to the body and acts as an immune booster. This capsule also works as an analgesic (pain killer). Thus joint aid plus is very effective in hock joint diseases.
Dose- four capsules twice daily
3. Boswellia curcumin
Boswellia curcumin is a capsule which contains two natural herbs. Haridra (Curcuma longa) and shallaki (Boswellia serrata). Haridra is a very traditional herb that has antiinflammatory properties. Both haridra and shallaki present in this capsule is a natural pain killer which helps in reducing the pain which is caused by this disease. And also helps in improving blood circulation and regenerating the dead cells. It is very rich in antioxidant property which helps in the movement of joints. Thus this capsule is very effective in the management of this disease.
Dose- four capsules twice daily
4. Ashwagandha capsule
Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera) is a very important herb in ayurveda. It is in the form of a capsule. Ashwagandha is a natural herb which gives strength to the body. It is very useful to reduce joint pain, decrease swelling, and very helpful in the mobility of joints. Thus ashwagandha capsule plays a very important role in the management of the diseases of horses affecting the hock joint.
Dose- four capsules twice daily
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Diseases of horses affecting the hock joint mainly include three conditions such as bog spavin, bone spavin and crub. This disease is very painful and it is very difficult to walk properly by horse. According to ayurveda this disease can be correlated with aggravated vata dosha and can be manageable with some ayurvedic therapies and herbal drugs. Here in this article we have learnt about diseases of horses affecting the hock joint in detail.