Ayurvedic View On Virechana Sort of Shodhana Karma


Virechana is one sort of Shodhana Karma. The demonstration of removing Doshas through “Adhobhaga” is known as Virechana. Virechana is a helpful sedated laxative treatment that is intended for removing out vitiated Dosha furthermore, Mala (squander material) through the butt-centric course. This treatment is shown for bio-purging and detoxification of the body in numerous ailing circumstances as well with respect to solid people too as preventive measures. It is worth referencing that Virechana Karma, rather than present day laxatives, isn’t only a demonstration to open the gut, anyway a totally helpful measure which has fundamental as well as nearby impacts.

Ayurvedic View On Virechana

This truth is moreover upheld by the etymological
thought of “Virechana”, its large number of signs, the particular old style technique, and method of activity given in Ayurvedic writing. Notwithstanding the ampleness and prevalence, the Virechana Karma, is considered as the best treatment for dismal and expanded Pitta Dosha and it is more valuable in dispensing with the sicknesses that began from the vitiated Pitta. It is less perplexing than Vamana, has less likelihood of complexities and ought to be conceivable successfully, so it is generally used as Sodhana treatment in schedule.


Virechana treatment is designated to oust expanded pitta dosha out of the body. At the point when pitta dosha increases, it causes particular sorts of illnesses, for example, boil, liver turmoil, gastritis and so on. On the off chance that the degree of pitta increments is less, oral meds can stifle it yet in the event that it has expanded generally and on the off chance that it has moved normally to somewhere else, it should be ousted out of the body. By removing it out the sickness gets restored , frequently totally. Since pitta is arranged at the degree of digestive organs, ousting it out srom the butt- Subsequently virechana treatment is planned. To remove it out first pitta dosha should be powerfully brought from the furthest points and various organs into the digestive system and afterward purgation is actuated to oust it out totally.

Types of Virechana


Effect on Tridosha

Virechana Treatment Is Indicated In

  • High pitta conditions like skin disorders, blisters,abscess,liver disorder etc.
  • Pitta is associated with kapha where pitta is dominant dosha, as in certain types of vomiting, acid peptic disorder.
  • Pitta associated with vata it can be seen in case of gouts.

Persons Suitable for Virechana

Virechana is the incomparable treatment for pitta dosha dominating circumstances. Thusly in states of pitta like gastrointestinal issues( blockage, worm pervasion, jaundice, and so on), dermatological problems like dermatitis, sensitivities, and sicknesses like fever, hemiplegia, bronchial asthma, and so forth, this strategy can be managed.

Virechana is a major area of strength for an and not every person can endure the repercussions. Hence pregnant ladies, powerless patients, patients with tuberculosis, and so forth should not enjoy this treatment.


Snehapana for 3 to 7 days, then abhyanga (massage) and swedana(perspiration)for three days. Pradhana karma.

Pradhana Karma

The medication for purgation is to be given in the early morning at 6 AM, ideally while starving. Generally, the purgation will begin following three hours. Warm water might be given in little portions when the patient feels parched or the desire for departure isn’t felt adequate. Cold water ought to be utilized for drinking when the arrangement of Jayapala (Croton tiglium) is utilized for purgation.

Paschat Karma

At the point when the departure of the entrail is finished according to the Lakshana portrayed for Samyak Virechana (ideal elements), the patient is encouraged to take total rest. From there on Samsarjana krama(diet) is to be followed according to the headings of the doctor.

  • Jaghanya (less)- 10 Vegas or sessions
  • Madhyama(medium)- 20 Vegas or sessions
  • Pravara(more) – 30 Vegas or sessions

Benefits of Virechana

Virechana Panchakarma treatment centers around purging the digestive organs, liver and nerve bladder. These are prime Pitta-overwhelmed organs of the body. Virechana karma takes out destructive metabolic squanders like poisonous bile deposits, assisting with relieving different circumstances in the gastrointestinal parcel.
Virechana is a significant Ayurvedic treatment for individuals experiencing the accompanying

  • Skin issues like seborrheic dermatitis, rankles, spots, stained patches on the face
  • Ulcers
  • Gastritis
  • Successive digestive issues
  • Jaundice
  • Growth of Spleen
  • Stomach growths
  • Enlarging or joint delicacy
  • Iron deficiency
  • Fruitlessness related issues
  • Take out the entanglements in the spleen, kidneys, liver and nerve bladder
  • Viable for heaps and jaundice treatment
  • Helps with treating gynecological issues
  • Assists with weight reduction
  • Clears debased blood, accordingly further developing skin conditions
  • Flushes out overabundance bodily fluid and poisons from digestive organs
  • Further develops defecations
  • Improve sexual health
  • Makes no side impacts

Side Effects

People who have gone through the Virechana treatment can confront the accompanying secondary effects in the event that the treatment isn’t done as expected

  • Patients will start spitting frequently
  • Increase in Kapha and Pitta levels
  • Constant feeling of nausea
  • Discomfort in chest and lack of vision clarity
  • Individuals will find themselves bloating
  • They could feel solidness and tingling in the hip and thigh region

Virechana Panchakarma is an endowment of Ayurveda to humankind. It helps in working on your digestion without the utilization of any hurtful synthetic substances or pills. Disposing of all types of harmful doshas, Virechana treatment clears your blood and evacuates the sickness. You should keep a solid way of life and follow the recommended diet plan for its belongings to endure.

Virechana Dravyas

  • Nishota (Operculina turpethum)
  • Aragwadha (Cassia fistula)
  • Snuhi (Euphorbia neriifolia)
  • Lodhra (Symplocos racemosa)
  • Saptala (Acacia rugata)
  • Hareetaki (Terminalia chebula)
  • Dravanti (Croton tiglium)
  • Eranda (Ricinus communis)
  • Dantibeej (Baliospermum paniculata)
  • Kampillak (Mallotus philippensis)

Pharmacokinetics of Virechana Drugs

Virechana dravyas have the personality of vyavahi and vikasi by ideals of veerya they get immediately circled into huge and little vessels of the body. It swarms all around the body. By prudence of its Ushna and Teekshna characteristics the collected doshas get liquified and separated into little pieces at cell level. Doshas begin softening in the body due to the Ushna guna then we can notice sweat on the patient’s temple or now and again the entire body.


Virechana drugs complete the Virechana due to the Prabhava (strength) of medication as opposed to its above properties. Almost certainly these properties help to do so however medication ought to have that Prabhava. The medications which are having Jala and Prithvi Mahabhutas dominance have a characteristic propensity to go downwards and in this way they can aid acceptance of Virechana. Assuming medications are having all above said properties however in the event that it isn’t having Virechaka Prabhava then it won’t actuate the Virechana. Thus, we can say, drugs act by its dynamic standard can be said as Virya or Prabhava not by property, however properties help with conveying the capability of medication.Because of Agni property, it causes Vishyandana for example overflowing of Doshas by Tikshna property causes Vicchandana (breaking down) of Dosh.

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Dr. Vikram Chauhan

Dr. Vikram Chauhan (MD-Ayurveda) is an expert ayurvedic doctor based in Chandigarh, India and doing his practice in Mohali, India. He is spreading the knowledge of Ayurveda - Ancient healing treatment, not only in India but also abroad. He is the CEO and Founder of Planet Ayurveda Products, Planet Ayurveda Clinic and Krishna Herbal Company. Read More

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