Labyrinthitis is an infection of a delicate inner ear structure most usually caused by viruses. Viral labyrinthitis is more prevalent in adults during the age 30s to 60s. Bacterial labyrinthitis mostly affects children below 2 years. Most of the time this infection happens after a cold or flu, where the virus moves into the inner ear and infects the structures. Labyrinth, as mentioned before, is a very delicate organ in our inner ear. The labyrinth has two parts; the cochlea is in charge of hearing and the vestibule is in charge of maintaining body balance; the vestibular nerve associated with this structure delivers information to the brain regarding bodily motion and balance. When the vestibular nerve becomes inflamed, a condition called vestibular neuritis, you may suffer vertigo i.e. The sensation that you and your surroundings are moving. Labyrinthitis and vestibular neuritis have similar symptoms, but if the hearing is not affected but you experience vertigo, it is solely vestibular neuritis.
LABYRINTHITIS IN AYURVEDA
Ayurveda doesn’t specify labyrinthitis in treatment. Diseases of the inner ear are told without specifying the parts they affect. Treatment is chosen according to the symptoms, and if needed, an amalgamation of different protocols is used to treat a disease.
Ayurveda treats labyrinthitis under the protocol of Pittaja karnasoola (ear pain associated with infection or suppuration, fever is also associated) or Poothikarna (suppuration/infection of the inner ear). Other protocols may be adopted according to symptoms, for example, if tinnitus is involved, treatment of Karna Sweda/Karna naadha (ringing sound in the ears) can be adopted, or sometimes hearing loss due to labyrinthitis can persist for months after the infection, then treatment for badhirya (hearing loss) is adopted.
CAUSES OF LABYRINTHITIS
There are two types of labyrinthitis, as previously stated: bacterial and viral. Bacterial infection in the labyrinth is uncommon in adults and is more common in toddlers. However, viral labyrinthitis is more common in people in their thirties to sixties.
1. Bacterial Labyrinthitis
- Infection that spreads to the inner ear from the external or middle ear, such as otitis externa or otitis media (acute or chronic).
- Bacterial meningitis that has progressed to the inner ear.
- He infection spreads to the inner ear from the bone components around the ear, such as osteomyelitis of the jaw, mastoiditis, and so on.
2. Viral Labyrinthitis
- It spreads from other viral infections like cold, flu, mumps, measles, herpes, hepatitis, etc. into the inner ear and infects the labyrinth.
SYMPTOMS OF LABYRINTHITIS
Symptoms of labyrinthitis include vertigo, feeling unstable or light-headed, dizziness, hearing loss, fever, tinnitus, nausea and vomiting, and blurred vision.
DIAGNOSIS OF LABYRINTHITIS
1. Bacterial Labyrinthitis
Detecting if the infection is bacterial or viral is hard in case of labyrinthitis, the labyrinth is inaccessible and testing may damage the organ, but bacterial labyrinthitis is uncommon and can be identified with certain factors.
- f the patient is a young child, especially toddlers, we can suspect bacterial labyrinthitis.
- If the patient had a recent bacterial infection especially in or around the ear like acute suppurative otitis media, chronic suppurative otitis media, mastoiditis, bacterial meningitis, etc.
2. Viral Labyrinthitis
- Can occur after a cold, flu, measles, hepatitis, mumps, etc.
- Usually heals in a few days, without any treatment.
- Mostly affects one ear.
If any unusual symptoms are seen along with the above-mentioned, it may suggest more serious conditions. Like meningitis in the case of bacterial labyrinthitis, it can be associated with headaches or confusion, and other neurological symptoms. Further investigations like MRI, CT, OR CSF examination may be prescribed by your doctor for confirmation.
PREVENTION OF LABYRINTHITIS
As the condition is contracted from infections in and around the ear, avoiding such infection, good hand hygiene and protective social behavior can prevent labyrinthitis. If being infected, treating infections before they spread also helps in avoiding labyrinthitis.
TREATMENT FOR LABYRINTHITIS
In modern medicine, treatment for viral labyrinthitis consists of antihistamines, antiviral medicines, medicines for dizziness, vertigo, nausea, and vomiting. Bed-Rest is suggested for a few weeks to avoid falls. Driving, standing at height during these times is recommended to be avoided. Although the vast majority of individuals recover completely, some may experience persistent balance or hearing issues. Viral infections tend to heal by themselves but can reoccur at any time.
Ayurveda treatments include Karna poorana (suspension of medicated liquid or oil in the ears), Karna dhoopana (sudation of ears with appropriate drugs), medicated ear drops, and internal medicines. Internal medicines may be pitta shamaka (alleviating pitta dosha), rakta-pitta shamaka (alleviating rakta dhatu/dosha and pitta dosha), mostly in cold potency or that elevates the Dosha Paka (digestion of excess dosa). Medicines that boost immunity to combat the infection can also be consumed for a speedy recovery and to prevent recurrences.
HERBAL REMEDIES FROM PLANET AYURVEDA
Planet Ayurveda products ensure to deliver the benefits of each drug we use to provide you fast recovery and overall well-being of the body to fight off the possible post disease complications. All the raw materials used for making the above-mentioned drugs are 100% vegetarian and chemical free making our medicines safe to consume.
1. Septrin Tablets
This is a 100% vegetarian polyherbal medicine in tablet form that contains Guggulu (Commiphora mukul), Haldi (Curcuma longa), Tulsi (Ocimum sanctum), Naagara (Zingiber officinale), Marich (Piper nigrum),and Pippali (Piper longum). Curcumin from turmeric, guggulsterone from Guggulu, along with all the other phytoconstituents from all the herbs helps in balancing tridoshas, reduces inflammation, and helps the body fight off infections.
Dosage: 1-2 tablets once or twice daily is the recommended dose.
2. Boswellia Curcumin
This tablet form medicine is a fusion of Sallaki (Boswellia serrata) and Haldi (Curcuma longa), wonderous drugs that have numerous benefits. Acetyl-11-keto-β-boswellic acid present in shallaki is the most potent inhibitor of 5-lipoxygenase, an enzyme responsible for inflammation, which makes sallaki anti-inflammatory in action, and also curcumin from turmeric enhances the anti-inflammatory properties. It is also an excellent immunomodulator and is also beneficial for general wellbeing.
Dosage: 1 capsule twice daily, after the meal with plain water.
3. Kaishore Guggul
A classical polyherbal medicine in tablet form adopted from sharangadhar Samhita, which comprises Amalaki (Emblica officinalis), Bibhitaki (Terminalia bellirica), Haritaki (Terminalia chebula), Vidanga (Embelia ribes), Guggul (Commiphora mukul), etc. It is enriched with active components such as guggulsterone (Guggulu), embelin and embelic acid (vidanga), chebulagic acid (haritaki), etc which contribute to the anti-inflammatory and anti-microbial properties of kaishore guggul. It also helps in boosting immunity and supporting the overall health of all body organs.
Dosage: 2 tablet twice or thrice daily with lukewarm water.
4. Neurogenie Capsules
An incredible supplement in capsule form that contains Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera) and Brahmi (Bacopa monnieri). Withanolides, withaferin etc from ashwagandha and hersaponin, monnierasides I-III, etc from Brahmi help in boosting immunity and improving general well-being. Capsules are made from materials that are 100% vegetarian and chemical-free, that safely deliver all the benefits. It has noteworthy benefits in managing labyrinthitis.
Dosage: 1-2 capsules daily twice, with plain water, after meals.
Labyrinthitis is a comparatively uncommon disease, with severe complications like hearing loss, it should be treated in time to avoid long-lasting complications. Ayurveda promises a cure for labyrinthitis without leaving you to suffer any complications and Planet Ayurveda delivers the real goodness of Ayurveda into your hands. Trust us to accompany you in your journey to healing.