Common variable immune deficiency or CVID is a rare disorder in which immunity is impaired leaving a person highly susceptible to infections from obnoxious agents like bacteria or sometimes viruses. This can lead to recurrent infections in the lungs, ear, and sinuses. In this, the immune system becomes too weak to fight against any kind of infection specifically listed above. People with CVID usually suffer from pneumonia and other respiratory tract infections. Recurrent infections can ultimately lead to chronic lung disease. Along with it sometimes the gastrointestinal system can also be involved causing symptoms like diarrhea and weight loss. There can be an accumulation of the abnormal immune cells in the spleen and lymph nodes which leads to splenomegaly and lymphadenopathy, respectively. While the collection of these abnormal immune cells in other organs lead to the formation of granulomas, i.e. lump. Just like any other autoimmune disease, it also occurs when our own body’s immune attacks healthy cells of the body mistakenly. Frequently blood cells are attacked by the body’s immunity to this disease. Thereby, people with CVID have many chances of developing disorders like immune thrombocytopenia, hemolytic anemia, and rheumatoid arthritis. Even in rare cases, CVID patients may develop a certain type of cancers like Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma.
Its signs and symptoms can appear at any age of an individual either, be it childhood or adulthood. Usually, CVID patients are diagnosed in their twenties or thirties age group. The genetic cause is used to differentiate various types of CVID.
The cause of this autoimmune disease is usually not exactly known. However, both environmental and genetic factors play a role in the development of this rare disorder. There are genetic mutations in the genes which have an important role in the development and functions of B cells and immunity. B cells are the type of specialized WBCs which develop and produce antibodies and specific protein that binds with any kind of harmful foreign substance and indicates the body to destroy it. But in these diseases, B cells produced are abnormal and not able to produce the proper amount of antibodies resulting in various infections in the body due to weakened immunity. This lack of immunity, in the long run, can even lead to cancer. In people affected with CVID, even the vaccination cannot help to fight infections as the body is not able to produce antibodies in any form.
It is difficult to diagnose CVID as signs and symptoms are indicative of many similar diseases. However, some tests can help to diagnose it, i.e. genetic testing.
However, Ayurveda has a different perspective than modern science. As per Ayurveda, body’s immunity is not abnormal, or it doesn’t attack the body’s healthy cells mistakenly but there is the production of ama, a toxin that is produced due to low digestive fire in the body. This ama gets stuck to different parts of the body and our immunity recognizes it as a foreign material, result in attacking it. During this attack along with ama healthy body cells to which it was attached also get destroyed. Hence, leading to an autoimmune disease. In the same way, CVID is caused. According to modern medicine, it is not treatable but only can be managed. But here also Ayurveda has a different perspective. According to Ayurveda, it can be treated by giving herbs which increase digestive fire and prevent the formation of ama. When the root cause, ama will not be there, neither immunity attack nor autoimmune disease will be there.
1. Immune Booster
These capsules are prepared from standardized extracts of Vitis vinifera, Bovine colostrum, Phyllanthus Niruri, and Emblica Officinalis. All these herbs are rich in various nutrients which help in building immunity and fight the infections. It also works to treat allergies and various infections. Inner strength and longevity are improved by immune booster capsules.
Meaning- Phyllanthus Niruri or Bhumiamalaki is cold in potency, bitter, astringent and sweet in taste. It increases appetite and treats anemia, Pitta dominant diseases, Kapha dominant diseases, skin diseases, and poisonings.
Reference- Kaidev nighantu
Dosage- 1-2 capsules twice daily after meals with plain water
2. Spirulina Capsules
These are single herb capsules prepared from a standardized extract of Spirulina plantensis. This herb boosts the growth of tissues in the body and helps to repair the damaged tissues. Spirulina reduces the risk of infections and prevents the growth of tumor cells in the body. Memory and learning are also improved by these capsules.
Dosage- 1- 2 capsules twice daily after meals with plain water.
3. Moringa Capsules
Moringa oleifera herbs are used as a standardized extract form to prepare these capsules. It helps to boost immunity and fights infections. Nutritional deficiencies of the body can be treated by it effectively. Regular consumption of Moringa capsules helps to maintain healthy blood pressure and reduce the risk of heart diseases. Cholesterol level in the blood is maintained and inflammation is relieved by using these capsules.
Dosage- 1-2 capsules twice daily after meals with plain water
4. Brahmi Chyawanprash
It is a blend of numerous amazing ingredients majorly including Brahmi (Bacopa Monnieri) and Amla (Emblica Officinalis). Other than these 2, 28 more herbs are used in this preparation, which helps to maintain a strong immune system of the body. Brahmi Chywanprash also helps to fight allergies and respiratory tract infections. Circulatory system and cardiovascular system remain healthy by regular consumption of this herbal Chywanprash.
Dosage- 1-2 teaspoonful with warm milk in the morning
Meaning- Amla is sweet in taste, bitter, astringent and pungent. It is good for vision, pacify all three doshas, i.e. Vata, Pitta, and Kapha Dosha.
Reference- Sushrut Samhita, Sutrasthan, shloka no.46
5. Kaishore Guggul
11 wonderful herbs are blended into one to form Kaishore guggul tablets. Some of them are Emblica Officinalis (Amalaki), Terminalia Bellirica (Bibhataki), Terminalia chebula (Haritaki), Commiphora Mukul (guggul), etc. It is an immune enhancer, anti-oxidative and anti-hepatotoxic. Stimulates the central nervous system and digestive.
Dosage- 2 tablets twice daily after meals with plain water.