Menstruation is also known by the terms menses, period, menstrual cycle and it is an index of the wellness of female health. Menstruation is defined as the monthly shedding of the endometrium or the lining of a woman’s uterus (womb) in the form of bleeding from the vagina. This is a hormonal driven cycle that occurs in the female reproductive system that makes pregnancy possible. This process repeats after a one month interval from puberty to menopause. It may occur for 3 to 7 days. However, a cycle can range from 21 days to 35 days in length. If someone’s cycle is shorter than this normal interval or if this length varies from month to month then this is called irregular periods. When periods disturbs, it directly means that something is wrong with the hormonal cycle and this may show a lot of problems with female health.
Patient have irregular menstruation if
- The time interval in each cycle starts to change
- Patients may lose more blood or less blood during menstruation
- The number of days of menstrual bleeding differs a lot
Irregular periods consists of many different conditions-
Oligomenorrhea- is defined as irregular and inconsistent menstrual blood flow in a woman with an interval of 35 or more days as a result one may get only five to ten menses for each year
Metrorrhagia- is defined as irregular, acyclic bleeding from the uterus. It usually lasts for one or two days and is difficult to distinguish between metrorrhagia and actual period
Amenorrhoea – means complete absence of menstruation. Although it is difficult to differentiate it from oligomenorrhea, if a patient misses more than three menstrual bleedings in a row then it is called amenorrhoea
Polymenorrhea – is defined as cyclic bleeding where the cycle is reduced to an arbitrary limit of 21 days or less and remains constant at that frequency. If the frequent cycle is associated with excessive and or prolonged bleeding, it is called polymenorrhea
Menometrorrhagia – is the term applied when the bleeding is so irregular and excessive that the menses cannot be identified at all
It’s Important to have a track of menstrual cycle
It’s good to keep a record of what is normal for you and to identify the regularity of your periods. In order to keep a track, have a note of the following things regularly every month:
Start date: It’s important to note the start date of periods every month.
End date: How long does it last, whether for longer or shorter duration.
Flow: Notice if it is lighter or heavier or any passage of blood clots.
Pain: Keep a record if there is any cramping pain present.
Any other changes: Have a note of any mood or behavioural changes or any other changes in body should be noted down carefully.
Causes Or The Irregular Periods
As we can say that, it could be normal to have little irregularity in initial years, but if it persists in adulthood then serious consideration is needed as it could be due to underlying disease. Following are the common causes:
Eating disorder: The girls having eating disorders such as anorexia are more likely to have irregular periods. It is because with these disorders the body is not able to produce enough hormone that controls the menstrual cycle.
Diabetes: Uncontrolled blood sugar level affects the normal menstrual cycle.
Medications: There are few medications that are said to affect the normal menstrual cycle like antipsychotics or anti-epileptics, birth control pills.
Hyperprolactinemia: When there is increased prolactin, known as protein hormone, the patient may have irregular periods.
Polycystic ovaries: Girls having polycystic ovarian syndrome experience irregular periods.
Stress: It has manifold effects on the body but regarding menstruation a girl may have delayed or missed periods.
- Hyperthyroidism & Hypothyroidism
- Uterine fibroids
- Intrauterine devices
Symptoms To Be Considered Carefully
- Delayed periods for over 90 days
- Sudden irregular periods
- Prolonged periods for over a week or 21 days
- Having a heavy period flow
- Having periods spots or bleeding in between the two menstrual cycles
- Severe painful periods
How Ayurveda Can Help?
Ayurved holds a view that 𝘈𝘳𝘵𝘷𝘢 refers to the word menstrual blood. In ayurvedic classics most of the menstrual disorders have been described under the heading of 𝘈𝘳𝘵𝘷𝘢𝘥𝘶𝘴𝘩𝘵𝘪 and 𝘈𝘴𝘳𝘪𝘨𝘥𝘢𝘳𝘢. Vata dosha governs the menstrual cycle. Whenever an irregularity in menstrual cycle occurs there is a hindrance to the free flow of vata. In order to bring back the vata to flow freely the Ayurvedic practitioners suggest some lifestyle and dietary changes along with pure herbal remedies. Finding an underlying cause for irregular periods is a must but here are 7 super foods that are proved to be very beneficial which are as follows:
𝘈𝘴𝘱𝘢𝘳𝘢𝘨𝘶𝘴 𝘳𝘢𝘤𝘦𝘮𝘰𝘴𝘶𝘴 is an Ayurvedic Rasayana herb also called as an adaptogenic herb because it helps our body to manage physical and emotional stress. It is very useful in menstrual disorders and acts as a uterine tonic. A very potent herb to maintain the health of the female reproductive system and extremely beneficial in amenorrhea, dysmenorrhea etc., controls the blood loss and balances the hormonal level and relieves pain, boosts the energy levels by strengthening the body. It also acts as antidepressant, antioxidant, demulcent, antitumor and is immunomodulator in nature.
Dosage – Shatavari powder– ½ to 1 teaspoon twice daily with plain water after meals. Shatavari Ghrita : 3-6 grams mixed with mishri or as guided by the physician.
Ashoka’s botanical name is 𝘚𝘢𝘳𝘢𝘤𝘢 𝘢𝘴𝘰𝘤𝘢 of family Fabaceae. Ashoka is a miraculous drug for women’s health. Ashokarishta is a polyherbal classical ayurvedic medicine having multiple properties. It can be taken in menstrual disorders characterised by excessive bleeding problems or irregular menstruation. It controls the pain or cramps during menstruation and is also effective in post-menopausal symptoms.
Dosage – 5-10 ml twice daily with equal amount of water.
3. Aloe Vera Juice
Aloe 𝘣𝘢𝘳𝘣𝘢𝘥𝘦𝘯𝘴𝘪𝘴 𝘮𝘪𝘭𝘭𝘦𝘳, belongs to Asphodelaceae. Aloe Vera is widely used to regulate all the menstrual disorders and enhances the metabolic system and keeps the GIT system healthy. It helps to correct hormonal imbalance in teenagers or in pregnancy or after pregnancy. It gives good results in irregular periods. Also acts as a pain reliever, controls the emotional system and improves the quality of life in women with primary dysmenorrhea.
Dosage – 10-20 ml .
4. Ginger tea
Ginger’s botanical name is 𝘡𝘪𝘯𝘨𝘪𝘣𝘦𝘳 𝘰𝘧𝘧𝘪𝘤𝘪𝘯𝘢𝘭𝘪𝘴, belongs to Zingiberaceae. Ginger can effectively regulate menstrual disorders, also very helpful in menstrual cramps and helps in hormonal imbalance. It also controls the amount of blood loss in excessive menstrual disorders.
Dosage – 10-20 ml twice a day.
5. Unripe papaya
it specially stimulates the oestrogen hormone that regulates the female reproductive system and ultimately results in improving the menstrual disorders with heavy flow and menstrual pain. It also regulates hormonal imbalance. It helps in contracting the uterine muscles and regulates the blood flow.
𝘊𝘪𝘯𝘯𝘢𝘮𝘰𝘮𝘶𝘮 𝘷𝘦𝘳𝘶𝘮 belongs to the Lauraceae family. shows very effective results in menstrual disorders. It reduces dysmenorrhea and also regulates the blood flow , acts as an antioxidant, relieves from nausea and vomiting and irregular periods. Cinnamon is enriched in vit. A, vit. B, vit. K.
Dosage – ½ teaspoon of cinnamon powder with lukewarm water.
𝘉𝘦𝘵𝘢 𝘷𝘶𝘭𝘨𝘢𝘳𝘪𝘴 belongs to the Amaranthaceae family. Beetroot is a powerful drug to induce menstruation enriched in iron, calcium, folic acid, vit. B. It can balance the menstrual irregularities, stimulate the blood flow in the uterus thus maintain the regular flow of periods. It also has antispasmodic properties, reduces bloating, increases haemoglobin levels, and relieves menstrual cramps as well.
Dosage – 10-20 ml of beetroot juice twice a day.
As if you are suffering from irregular menstruation, try these super foods and have a balanced diet to maintain good health. They might help you to get relief from menstrual disorders.
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