Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a genetic disorder in which the heart muscles become abnormally thick or characterised by left ventricular hypertrophy and a non dilated left ventricle with increased or preserved ejection fraction. It means the heart is not able to pump the blood effectively and also may cause electrical conduction problems. This condition may be asymptomatic or may have symptoms like fatigue, breathlessness, chest pain, fainting. Complications may include cardiac failure, irregular heartbeat or may be sudden death. This disease affects about 1 in 500 people. Both sexes are equally affected. People of all ages may be affected. Treatment may depend on symptoms and other risk factors.
This health topic is worthy to explore about hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and its Ayurvedic outlook.
Introduction Of Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a genetic disorder with no obvious cause, characterised by disproportional hypertrophy of the ventricular septum which in some patients produces obstruction to the left ventricular outflow tract. This disorder may occur in a nonfamilial form or, more often, it is familial and related to autosomal dominant transmission. Progressive cardiac decompensation is another major cause of death. To relieve the outflow tract obstruction the ventricular septum may be surgically thinned out, carrying with it all of the risks of open heart surgery in a patient already suffering from cardiac abnormalities. Moreover, a person having hypertrophic cardiomyopathy will be advised lifestyle changes that are heart friendly, medicines, surgery and management to prevent complications.
Causes Of Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy
HCM is caused by mutated genes that cause the cardiac muscles to become hypertrophied.
In most of the people with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy ventricular septum becomes thicker than normal that leads to blockage of blood flow out of the heart that is also called obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. And if no blockage is present then it is called non obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.
When the left ventricle (main pumping chamber) becomes stiff then it becomes hard to relax for the heart, resulting in reducing the blood holding capacity of the ventricle and sending the amount of blood in the body with each heartbeat.
Risk Factors Of Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy
There are a number of risk factors for hypertrophic cardiomyopathy such as:
- Age: Men have a risk of developing heart disease around the age of 45. Before menopause women have lower risk than men. But after menopause risk of heart disease increases for women.
- Environment and occupation: Certain toxins, radiation or other hazards poses risk for heart diseases, sitting for long time for work, disturbed sleep etc.
- Family history: Detection of heart disease in parents poses a great risk for heart disease in the next generation.
- Lifestyle habits: Being physically inactive results in high cholesterol, high blood pressure, diabetes, obesity these results in heart diseases.
- Lack of sleep: Blood pressure and heart rate falls while sleeping. When you are awake the heart is not able to work as hard as it should.
- Smoking: Habitual smoking is hazardous as it damages the blood vessels.
- Unhealthy eating: Consumption of unsaturated fat or refined carbohydrate in large quantities obesity, high cholesterol, atherosclerosis.
- Stress: Stress triggers the tightening of arteries that in turn increases the risk of heart diseases.
- Other medical conditions: Having autoimmune or inflammatory diseases, chronic kidney disease. Diabetes, high blood pressure, obesity, sleep disorder, etc. are known to pose risk for heart disease.
Symptoms Of Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy
Sign and symptoms of HCM includes
- Chest pain
- Shortness of breath
- Ventricular fibrillation
- Sudden cardiac death
Diagnosis Of Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy
Diagnosis is based on the number of undergoing disease processes
- Cardiac MRI
- Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging
- Genetic screening
- Exercise stress test
- CT scan
Treatment Of Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy
- Calcium channel blockers
- Anti-arrhythmic drugs
- Muscle Relaxants
Surgical Procedures For Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy
- Septal myectomy
- Implantable cardioverter defibrillators
We are observing changes in lifestyle and eating habits that lead to various health issues and Hypertrophic cardiomyopathies being the most common nowadays. In Ayurveda this condition is considered under Haridaya Roga. Some of the common causes like vitiation of tridoshas are described by Achrya Charaka.
Ayurveda is a traditional Indian medicine that is gaining popularity in the world as many chronic disease conditions are responding well to the Ayurvedic treatment. Ayurvedic medicines are made from the natural herbal ingredients which are safe to consume depending on the disease condition.
Majority of patients after diagnosis of their disease prefer taking modern medicine for a quick relief and by doing so they are unaware of the side effects of the medicines or sometimes steroids. Their condition might improve for the time being but the after effects of those medicines are problematic. By the time a patient switches to Ayurveda the disease condition already progresses to another stage and hence ayurvedic medicine takes some time to react. But Ayurvedic herbal medicines manage the symptoms well on a first hand and secondly over a period of time following proper medication course and a proper diet plan the disease condition is known to be cured.
Patients with Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy can be effectively treated with Ayurveda that includes herbal remedies, diet management, yoga, breathing exercises and meditation. Ayurveda, a holistic discipline, not only improves but also cures heart diseases. Ayurveda believes that the alimentary tract and heart are the central points where the channel that conducts vital energy intersects. Deterioration of these channels causes diseases. Charak and Sushruta states that hridayaroga develops due to excessive indulgence in discordant food, fear and anxiety, suppression of natural urges, trauma (both physical and psychological).
Ayurveda View Of Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy
Now we are going to discuss the Ayurveda view of Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Long time ago all the rogas were managed by Ayurvedic culture and the treatment was very efficacious. The Ayurvedic text explains that the heart originates from Rakta and Kapha, and develops into a muscular organ. The heart’s movement is controlled by Vyanavayu. It is assumed that Meda forms pericardium, Mamasa forms myocardium, and Rakta forms endocardium.
This disease is characterised due to vitiation of rakta and kapha dosha. The treatment of this disease in ayurveda involves medication to nourish the Hriday. Sleeping properly and eating freshly cooked food by improving lifestyle can help to improve the condition.
Treatment in Ayurveda For Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy
The treatment is decided according to the pathology. Ayurveda treatment supports and enhances the mainstream conventional treatment. The treatment includes:
- Panchkarma – Basti, Virechana (purgation therapy).
- External therapies – Shiro dhara, Hrid Basti, Abhyanga (medicated massage).
- Internal medicines – Herbs to regulate the blood circulation and strengthen the heart to enjoy fruitful life.
- Yoga asanas – Pranayama, Anuloma-viloma and meditation.
- Food and Lifestyle modifications.
Tips for maintain Good Heart Health
Adopting a healthy lifestyle will enhance heart health. Following are the tips to look after your heart:
- Stop smoking – One of the major causes for heart disease is smoking. Stop smoking is the best for your heart diseases.
- Physical activities – Keeping yourself physically active reduces the risk of heart diseases.
- Consume plenty of fibre – Consuming plenty of fruits and vegetables, wholemeal bread, wholemeal bread, etc is suitable to avoid the risk of progression of heart diseases.
- Manage weight – Being obese increases the risk of heart diseases.
- Avoid consumption of fat – Consumption of fat increases cholesterol level in blood that ultimately increases the risk of heart diseases.
- Low salt diet – A teaspoon of salt in a day for an adult is sufficient to have a healthy heart.
- Less Consumption of alcohol – Consuming less alcohol is advisable for a healthy heart.
- Intake of fish in diet – Fish is a source of omega-3 fat that is good for the heart. Eating fish twice a week is recommended for good heart health.
Herbal Remedies By Planet Ayurveda
Planet Ayurveda is a herbal manufacturing company that provides great treatment with miraculous results for every health concerned patient.The main aim of the doctors at Planet Ayurveda is to maintain health and well being and this is achieved after maintaining many factors in life. Our ancient Indian system of medicine, known as Ayurveda, is gaining popularity as a renowned mode of treatment worldwide. It has a unique way of diagnosing the illness and it believes that health problems happen when the balance between mind, body, and spirit disturbs. Correcting the balance of these three factors leads to a healthy life; hence it brings balance and harmony to the body. The herbal remedies are prepared from 100% natural herbs that are free from any side effects.
Heart Care Pack
Planet Ayurveda’s Heart care pack is a 100% natural product. It maintains the tridosha i.e. three energies of the body and supports the healthy heart. The herb included in the pack has a distinct explanation in ancient Ayurvedic literature and is free from chemicals, preservatives, starch, additives, colours, yeast, binders and fillers.
Heart Care Pack Includes The Following Remedies
1. Arjuna Capsule
This is a single herbal capsule consisting of Arjuna (Terminalia Arjuna). Arjuna has various medicinal properties antioxidant, anti microbial, and anti inflammatory in nature. Arjuna is known to reduce the risk of heart diseases. It strengthens the muscle of the heart and improves its function. It dilates the blood vessels and improves the blood flow by dissolving the plaque.
Dosage: 2 capsules twice with plain water.
2. Arjun Tea
This is a poly herbal tea consisting of Arjuna (Terminalia Arjuna), punarnava (Boerhavia diffusa), etc. it supports circulatory system, maintains cardiovascular activities and balances all the three doshas in the body. It supports healthy well being and increases metabolism. It relieves chest pain, lowers cholesterol levels, and is good for bones and joints.
Dosage: 2 cups twice a day.
3. Total Heart Support
This is polyherbal formulation consisting of Arjuna (Terminalia Arjuna), Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera), etc. This formulation maintains the body healthy and it supports the cardiovascular system and relieves from chest pain, stress, anxiety and palpitations.
Dosage: 2 capsules twice with plain water.
As discussed in the article Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy disorder is a disease that is diagnosed through thorough history and physical examinations. The treatment options are available in modern science and in the end they need surgery. But as the article has mentioned Ayurvedic treatment that is more effective without side effects and chances of surgery are reduced to minimal. So, be proactive if the symptoms of this disorder are bothering you and then seek Ayurvedic herbal treatment to lead a healthy happy life. In case of any Queries you can contact with www.PlanetAyurveda.com