Autoimmune skin disease is a disorder where the immune cells present in the skin start to attack themselves instead of protecting it. Healthy skin will form a scar after the skin becomes damaged or is injured while in the case of auto-immune skin disease, the immune system of the body mistakenly attacks the healthy skin tissue. This results in the formation of inflamed, red, and coin-like patches on the skin which is better known as Discoid lupus. Many people do not know about this autoimmune skin disorder which causes a dangerous effect on the skin. So, through the help of this article, we are going to discuss Discoid lupus in detail, its effect, and how you can manage it through herbal medicine.
What Is Discoid Lupus?
It is better known as Discoid lupus erythematosus which is a Chronic auto-immune disorder that mainly affects the skin and forms a coin-shaped lesion on the surface of the skin from where it has got the name Discoid lupus. This condition is responsible for forming severe rashes mainly on the scalp, ears, and cheeks due to exposure to the sun. As the scalp is involved hair loss is very commonly seen in this disease and these lesions are responsible for forming severe scarring on the skin. These scars can last for almost years or more than that.
Discoid lupus and systemic lupus are different and they should not be confused with each other. Systemic lupus can form mild rashes on the face and it is also responsible for affecting the internal organs. There are chances that patients with systemic lupus can develop discoid lupus whereas discoid lupus does not cause-effect on the internal organs. They are only responsible for forming rashes.
- Sex:- Females are most likely to suffer from discoid lupus as compared to Males.
- Age:- People between the ages of 20 to 40 years are more at risk
- Incidence:- 40 in every 100,000 people are affected with this autoimmune skin disorder.
- Race:- Dark skin people are common with Discoid lupus as compared to others.
What Are The Signs And Symptoms?
Location of lesions:- The skin that is getting exposed to the sun is most likely to form lesions such as scalp, neck, upper cheeks, hands, lower lips, ears, and nose. While 24 percent of the people might develop it on their eyes, mouth, or other mucosal parts of the body. It is rare to find on arms and trunks.
Morphology of lesions:- Skin lesions present in the initial stages are dull or publish red in color, they appear as disc-shaped flat or raised on the skin. Then they might appear as white in color and these lesions in the later stages may cause scarring or atrophy and also changes in pigment. They may also form a fluid-filled dry crust. People with dark skin may also lose their pigmentation in the affected area whereas people with light skin may develop gray skin.
Scalp lesions:- When appeared on the scalp then red raised lesions will appear which will result in hair loss and sometimes the hair becomes grey.
Lip lesions:- Grey or red color lesion appears on top which is thick.
Other symptoms may also include
- Swelling or redness of eyes
- Ulceration of sin
- Thinning of skin
- Brittle fingernails
What Are The Causes?
The cause for discoid lupus is not known but there is evidence that exposure to sunlight triggers it. It does not pass from one person to the other meaning it’s a non-communicable disease. As the discoid tumor is an autoimmune disease it involves a combination of environmental factors and genetics. Cigarette smoking and changes in hormones are also one of the reasons.
What Are The Clinical Diagnosis?
- Physical examination is done to see the formation of rashes on the skin and the duration of the disease.
- Blood and Urine tests are also done.
- Skin biopsy is usually done to confirm the diagnosis.
- Renal function test
Allopaths will provide you with steroids which will only help to reduce the inflammation along with that they will give non-steroidal topical ointments to apply. Basically, both of them will only help in reducing the symptoms, not removing the root cause of the disease.
In Ayurveda, it’s a chronic disease that basically reduces the immunity of the body causing the tissue to degenerate. Low immunity is not able to fight the disease and all the dhatus (tissues) start to collect toxins. The treatment provided by Ayurveda is Raktamokshana which helps in detoxifying the blood and that herbal medicines are provided which helps in building immunity and fighting the disease.
Herbal Medicine Provided By Planet Ayurveda for Discoid Lupus
Planet Ayurveda provides their herbal medicine which is 100 percent pure and vegetarian. Each herbal medicine is free from chemicals, preservatives, and additives. All the medicines of Planet Ayurveda are made under the supervision of an MD Ayurvedic Doctor and each of them is clinically tested making them safe to use and free from side-effects as well. Here are the herbal medicine which is found useful in treating the disease and this includes:-
- Gandhak Rasayan
- Radiant Skin Hair Capsules
- Manjistha Capsules
- Neem Capsules
- Gotu Kola Capsules
- Nirgundi Oil mixed with Jatyadi Oil
1. Gandhak Rasayan
It is formed from the herbal extract of Sulphur (Gandhak) which is one of the best minerals for the skin. It is helpful in removing toxins from the body and giving the skin hydration. It acts as an exfoliator that helps in removing dead surfaces from the skin and making it healthy. Gandhak is one of the best medicines for rejuvenating the skin.
Dosage:- Two tablets twice daily with water after meals
2. Radiant Skin Hair Nail formula
It is formulated with herbs like Manjistha (Rubia cordifolia) which is helpful in enhancing the complexion of skin, Pit pada (Fumaria officinalis) is very effective in maintaining the glow of the skin, Chirata (Swertia chiretta) help in boosting the immunity of the skin and Ghrit Kumari (Aloe barbadensis) which is rich in vitamins and micronutrients helping the skin to rejuvenate.
Dosage:- One capsule twice daily with plain water after meals.
3. Manjishtha Capsules
This is made from the extract of one herbal medicine known as Manjishtha (Rubia cordifolia) which is also known as “Rejuvenative herb”. It is one of the excellent remedies which helps in preventing skin infection and purifying blood. It contains anti-inflammatory, anti-microbial, and pain-relieving properties making it very effective in discoid lupus.
Dosage:- Two capsules twice daily with water after meals.
4. Neem Capsules
Neem (Azadirachta indica) one of the best herbal remedies for the skin and its related ailments. It helps in giving a soothing effect to the skin and helps in cleansing the skin. It has been found useful in removing itching, burning sensation, and pain from lesions seen in discoid lupus. Neem overall helps in making the skin better internally.
Dosage:- One capsule twice daily after meals with water.
5. Gotu Kola Capsules
This herbal medicine helps in treating various skin diseases including discoid lupus and is made from an herbal extract called Gotu Kola (Centella asiatica). It contains nutrients like Vitamin A, B, E along with magnesium which helps in making the immunity stronger and fighting the infection.
Dosage:-One capsule twice daily with water after meals.
6. Nirgundi Oil mixed with Jatyadi Oil
The main ingredient in Nirgundi oil is Nirgundi (Vitex negundo) along with Haridra (Curcuma longa), Kalahari (Gloriosa superba) which mainly contains anti-inflammatory property whereas Jatyadi oil contains herbs like Chameli (Jasminum officinale), Patola patra (Stereospermum chelonoides), etc which helps in healing the lesions of any kind.
Usage:- Mix the oil in equal proportion and after that apply it twice daily on the affected area.
Preventive tips for people with Discoid Lupus
- Try to avoid getting exposed to sun rays as it may trigger lupus to flare up. Try to apply sunscreen or try to wear a hat.
- Eat foods that are rich in vitamin C, D along with biotin, zinc, and iron which will help in giving strength to the hair.
- Try to meditate daily or avoid stress which may also trigger the disease.
- Take an adequate amount of rest and sleep for 7-8 hours daily.
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As mentioned above Discoid lupus is a chronic autoimmune disease that can cause an adverse effect on the skin and the effect can be long-lasting. According to Allopaths, there is no specific treatment for the disease but as discussed above Ayurveda provides herbal medicine that helps in treating the disease naturally, removing the root cause as well.